Archaeology / Anthropology

From Wikipedia:
Archaeology, archeology, or archæology (from Greek ἀρχαιολογία, archaiologia – ἀρχαῖος, archaīos, “primal, ancient, old”; and -λογία, -logia) is the science that studies human cultures through the recovery, documentation, analysis, and interpretation of material remains and environmental data, including architecture, artifacts, features, biofacts, and landscapes. Because archaeology’s aim is to understand mankind, it is a humanistic endeavor.

Anthropology (/ˌænθɹəˈpɒlədʒi/, from Greek ἄνθρωπος, anthrōpos, “human”; -λογία, -logia) is the study of humanity. Anthropology has origins in the natural sciences, and the humanities. Ethnography is both one of its primary methods and the text that is written as a result of the practice of anthropology and its elements.

Since the work of Franz Boas and Bronisław Malinowski in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, anthropology has been distinguished from other social science disciplines by its emphasis on in-depth examination of context, cross-cultural comparisons (socio-cultural anthropology is by nature a comparative discipline), and the importance it places on long-term, experiential immersion in the area of research, often known as participant-observation. Cultural anthropology in particular has emphasized cultural relativity and the use of findings to frame cultural critiques. This has been particularly prominent in the United States, from Boas’s arguments against 19th-century racial ideology, through Margaret Mead’s advocacy for gender equality and sexual liberation, to current criticisms of post-colonial oppression and promotion of multiculturalism.

Class Presentations

Chapter AT presentations:
Books and Web Sites of Interest

Field Trip Information
April 15, 2008 Field Trip – Sugarloaf Mountain, Gause
Information regarding private land will not be posted on this web site. This special field trip has been coordinated and permitted by the landowner. Please remember that trespassing without landowner consent is a violation of state law. The attached presentation by Alston Thoms, Professor of Anthropology, Texas A&M, covers “Native History and Foodways in the Post Oak Savannah: A Lower Brazos River Basin Perspective”, and includes native Indian history and the explorations of Cabeza de Vaca.

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